What Critter Is It?

Fish are sometimes stranded alive in pools on outgoing tides, but usually they are dead, and a rare feast for seabirds. You might occasionally also find freshwater species on metropolitan beaches following rains that have washed fish, such as European carp, out of the Torrens.

Porcupine fish

Porcupine fish (a.k.a. balloon fish, puffer fish) Diodon sp

Best not to step on a dead, dried porcupine fish! It has nasty, long sharp spines. In a live fish the spines provide defence against predators, as does its ability to inflate its body, making the spines stick out – like an echidna in defensive mode. These fish are not built for speed.

 

 

 

Toad Fish Tetractenos

Toadfish – don’t eat!

These fish grow to about 15 cm (this one was about full size) and are common in shallow water in southern Australia. Like other members of this family, toadies are poisonous.

 

 

 

 

 

Short-headed Lamprey (a.k.a. Australian Lamprey) Mordacia mordax

Lamprey

Looking like an eel, these fish grow to about 50cm in length and move from marine to fresh water to breed. In the sea they parasitise other fish. Most fish have jaws, but Lampreys are blood sucking and have a round funnel-like mouth with many small sharp teeth.

All crabs belong to the group called the Decapoda – Latin for ‘ten legs’.

There are lots of crab species in the Gulf, and they range in size from tiny to quite large. Most have hard shell (carapace) unless they are moulting. This happens as the crab is growing. Calcium is reabsorbed from the old shell, which gradually becomes softer, and is used to grow its next shell. When the new shell is ready the old shell is cast off, and the new shell hardens quickly. Sometimes the soft, old shell is washed up. Hermit crabs don’t have a hard carapace, and they use empty marine snail shells to protect their soft bodies. As they grow they need to find larger snail shells. If you are collecting shells on the beach, be sure to check that there is not a hermit crab in residence!

The Blue Swimmer is probably the best known crab, and is sought after because it is abundant and tasty! If you see one in the water while you are swimming, or in a tidal pool, don’t get too close – a nip from their claws is painful.

Sand crab carapace – note the two dark red sots

Sand crabs are pale reddish with two darker spots on the carapace.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spider crabs range greatly in size, but characteristically have really long legs.

Spider crab near Henley Jetty – approx 20 cm across the carapace

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tiny spider crab – approx 1 cm across the carapace

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rock crabs are smaller and chunkier than the swimmers and spider crabs, but are really good at wedging themselves under rocks and in cracks.

 We continue our conversation with featured speaker Sarah-Jo Lobwein about the work she does regarding single use plastics #swapforthesea . What has been your favourite or most impactful achievement to date? . “When another local venue or business in my local council area contacts us to work with them or to promote that they have embraced plastic-free alternatives, they add to the growing tide of change happening locally and globally. . This then adds more support, influence and encouragement for more businesses and individuals to become aware and change their behaviours. . Personally, working with the next generations also has a great personal, local and global impact. Children are amazed and shocked when they find out what items consist of plastic (such as chewing gum) or why a product cannot be recycled, or why an animal has died from plastic pollution. . They innocently yet intelligently ask “why” we use single use plastics and why companies use ‘hidden’ plastics without public notification and think of easy solutions rather than making excuses to keep polluting. . They still go and purchase an ice cream wrapped in plastic packaging, but the seed is planted in their thoughts, and it is not their responsibility that the packaging is harmful; it is the brand’s responsibility to be providing a sustainable option.” . To our #FoGSV Community, what impact can you have? Think of the ripple effect, your action can and will have an onflow affect. You can influence family, friends, your work and local businesses just by being an inspiration in your own circle of influence. . . . . . . #waronwaste #waste #saynotoplastics #refuse #recycle #reuse #repurpose #upcycle #protectourgulf #saveouroceans #gogreen #nature #conservation #climateaction #marinedebris #beachcleanup #bethechange #adelaide #fogsv #friendsofgulfstvincent
 . Following on from our first instalment, we hear more on Sarah-Jo’s presentation and look out at the end, you may be shocked! . Please provide a brief overview of your talk topic: . “Sea Change - Local plastic pollution, marine conservation and Community Empowerment through Education, Awareness, and Action to change attitudes and practices and  #SWAPFORTHESEA - empowering the community and individuals to change their behaviour by discussing and embracing simple everyday, sustainable swaps that are easy to do, and will drastically reduce your plastic consumption while maintaining a ‘convenient’ lifestyle! . Immiscible - why water and plastics do not mix - simple solutions to avoid single use plastic pollution to Stop the sea drowning in plastic - Global pollution, Global solution - raising the awareness of contributing countries, communities and individuals. . Simple plastic-free alternatives and choices to follow without changing our convenient lifestyles at home and while travelling the seven seas, which will have a huge positive effect for the ocean, the flora and fauna and ultimately ourselves! An engaging look at a serious problem including the ‘hidden’ plastics we use (did you know most chewing gum is made of plastic?), the effects on marine life and humans, and easy preventative actions for individuals.” . Did you know about the chewing gum?  . . . . . . #waronwaste #waste #saynotoplastics #refuse #recycle #reuse #repurpose #upcycle #protectourgulf #saveouroceans #gogreen #nature #conservation #climateaction #marinedebris #beachcleanup #bethechange #adelaide #fogsv #friendsofgulfstvincent

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